Exodus 12:43-13:16

Key Verse(s):

Exodus 12:46 (HCSB)

46 It is to be eaten in one house. You may not take any of the meat outside the house, and you may not break any of its bones.


This pericope returns focus to the Passover, and then the consecration of the firstborn males upon receiving the promised land. There are a few additional restrictions, and a few things to note:

  1. The Passover is for God’s chosen people. Through circumcision a foreigner can align themselves with God and His people, and then participate in the Passover. This was important likely due to the mention of an “ethnically diverse crowd” (Exodus 12:38) that left with the Israelites in the Exodus. It is worthy to note that although the blessing of the Passover is only for the Israelites, God provides a way to be part of that group.
  2. The consecration of the firstborn males, of men and livestock, was to remind the Israelites of God’s bringing them out of slavery through the death of the Egyptian firstborn males. There is surely a shadow of Jesus, God’s firstborn, in this ritual, and His redemption of us. We can also see the dedication of “firstfruits” to God in this practice, something that should extend into all parts of our lives.
  3. These remembrances are important! This is the second interlude that speaks of the Passover. And just in this passage parts are repeated. Repetition in scripture typically denotes importance. And the command to have these as a sign on the hand and forehead, a reminder for them, as well as an identifier of who they are: God’s people.
  4. Among the other foreshadows of Christ, there is this one verse that commands that the bones of the lamb not be broken. This certainly seems to be a shadow of Christ, as described in John 19:36, “Not one of His bones will be broken.”


Lord, thank You for saving us, for redeeming us. I pray that just like the Israelites, we are marked for You, as a reminder to ourselves that we are Yours, and You are our God, and as a sign to the world of who, and whose, we are. Amen.


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