Deuteronomy 10:10 (HCSB)
10 “I stayed on the mountain 40 days and 40 nights like the first time. The Lord also listened to me on this occasion; He agreed not to annihilate you.
Where the previous passage seemed to be focused on the failure of the Israelites to follow God, this pericope seems to address God’s response to their failures. Just as God’s mercy shines through the last pericope, His grace shines through here.
Rather than leave the Israelites without the law, the commandments God had given the Israelites are again inscribed on a new set of tablets. There seems to be special mention of the ark that contains the two tablets this time. Perhaps it is a symbol of the enduring nature of God’s law, or perhaps that it is “safe”. Either way, God is gracious in giving His law back to the Israelites.
The appointment of the tribe of Levi is discussed as well. Again, this would seem to be a gracious move on the part of God in that He provides a tribe of priests, men who will “stand before Yahweh to serve Him.” The Israelites, in a sense, now have a tribe as a representative before God. Ultimately, we know that Jesus is our representative, but perhaps the Levites are a foreshadow of Him.
Finally, the passage closes with a command from God to “get up”, and “Continue…” to the promised land. This is not a vengeful, spiteful, or capricious God. Instead, we have a picture of a gracious God who continues to seek and draw His people to Himself.
Lord, thank You for being on our side, on my side. I pray that I will not forget, that I will keep You and Your ways locked away in my heart. Lead us, Lord, to the promised land You have for each of us. Amen.